Monday, July 25, 2016

Council of Toulouse (1229) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Council of Toulouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Council of Toulouse (1229) was a Council of the Roman Catholic Church called by Folquet de Marselha the Bishop of Toulouse in 1229AD. The council forbade laity to read vernacular translations of the Bible.


The Council was called by the local bishop to address the perceived threat from the rapid growth of theAlbigensian movement in 13th century southern France. The council resolved that a search in each parish was to be made for heretics (Albigensian[1] and Cathar)[2] and that if found their houses should be destroyed[3] and that non-Latin translations of the bible be destroyed.[4][5] and likewise for other unauthorised copies.[6][7]
The Council pronounced: "We prohibit also that the laity should be permitted to have the books of the Old and theNew Testament; unless anyone from the motives of devotion should wish to have the Psalter or the Breviary for divine offices or the hours of the blessed Virgin; but we most strictly forbid their having any translation of these books."[8][9]
File:Albigensian Crusade 01.jpg
Pope Innocent III excommunicating theAlbigensians (left), Massacre against theAlbigensians by the crusaders.)


Folquet de Marselha, Bishop of Toulouse died two years latter in 1231, but in 1234 another council was held atTarragona to regulate the procedure of the Inquisition,[10] which had arrived in Toulouse in 1233.[11] [12]and to also ratify the findings of the Toulouse Council.
Canon two of this Tarragona council restated “No one may possess the books of the Old and New Testaments, and if anyone possesses them he must turn them over to the local bishop within eight days, so that they may be burned…”[13][14]

File:BnF ms. 854 fol. 61 - Folquet de Marseille (1).jpg

Folquet depicted holding a bible inBnF ms. 854 fol. 61.